Mummy CT Scan: DNA Analysis Reveals Critical Details
The world's oldest mummies just had their medical check-up after more than 7,000 years. Using mummy CT scans and DNA testing, anthropologists try to reveal the secrets of the Chinchorro mummies -- which are about 2,000 years older than the first mummies in Egypt.
The Chinchorro is an old civilization in modern-day Chile and Peru. They are composed of fishing and hunting people who lived on the Pacific coast of South America from 10,000 to 3,400 BC. The Chinchorro were among the first civilization who used mummification on the dead. Their mummies are at least 7,400 years old.
Last week, 15 mummies were brought to a Santiago clinic. Researchers revealed how the mummification process was done. The Chinchorro people carefully removed the skin and muscles in the dead body and reconstructed it by putting plants, clay and wood in the skeleton.
The original skin was then sewed back and the hair, eyes and mouth were added. They also put a mask on the face resulting in an eerie combination of a person and a statue. They follow one general process but the method evolved through time.
However, the most surprising thing is, their mummification process has no scale. Unlike Egyptians, it was not reserved to royalties. The family of the dead mummify their deceased -- even children and infants. They also have no pyramids. The mummies, which were the only relic left by the Chinchorro people, were all discovered outdoors, some buried in desert valleys according to Daily Mail.
"We collected thousands of images with a precision of less than one millimeter," chief radiologist Marcelo Galvez told Agence France-Presse. "The next phase is to try to dissect these bodies virtually, without touching them, which will help us preserve them for another 500,000 years."
Using the mummy CT scans, the researchers are now busy reconstructing the facial and bodily features of the mummies. Galvez added that they want to know the physical appearance of the Chinchorro people. Their DNA and genes are also being studied using skin and hair samples to bring more light to ancient civilizations.
The mummy CT scans also revealed that the smallest mummy discovered was just a figurine. Researchers revealed there was no bone structure inside the mummy and it could just be a representation of an individual who could not be mummified.
'Star Wars' Planets In Real Life Revealed By NASA
Nasa discovered real-life counterparts of "Star Wars" planets. A planet with two suns like Tatooine, an ice planet like Hoth and more
The Mystery Of 'Alien Megastructure' Now Explained
Recent studies explain the unusual dimming of the Boyajian's star might not be caused by an "alien megastructure," but rather, due to an internal transition of the star or some dust clouds.
Mystery About 'Alien Call' Heard From Mariana Trench Now Solved
Researchers explained the possible source of the "alien calls" recorded from Mariana Trench last year. It was reported to be a minke whale, a specie of baleen whales.
MORE IN ITECHPOST
Elon Musk’s Brain Microchip Neuralink Will Allegedly Cure Depression and Addiction
Elon Musk founded Neuralink in 2016, but what is the purpose of this brain-implanted computer chip? Musk has revealed additional details that you may find interesting.
Spotted in Deep Space: Never Before Seen Four Mystery Objects
A few mysterious objects that haven't been seen until now have recently been spotted in deep space thanks to massive radio telescopes.
A Leaker May Have Confirmed The Release Date Of 'Resident Evil Village'
A leaker who has been reliable in the past regarding Resident Evil may have revealed the release date of Resident Evil Village.