Science

Ovarian Cancer: The Facts That Could Save Life

By Dante Noe Raquel II , Jan 03, 2017 10:07 PM EST
In a healthy person, cells in the body divide a certain number of times, and then stop. When cancer strikes, though, cell division goes haywire—the cells never stop dividing, and they form a tumor. Sometimes, the abnormal cells will metastasize—break off from the original tumor and travel to other parts of the body—through the bloodstream or lymph system.<br /> <br /> (Photo : Healthy Living Foundation / Youtube)

In a healthy individual, cells in the body split a certain of times and then stop. When cancer attacks, though, cell division goes erratic-the cells never stop separating, and they form a tumor. Occasionally, the abnormal cells will metastasize through the circulation or lymph system.

There Are Risk Factors For Ovarian Cancer Specialist Already Known

Despite intense years of research, we still don't know much about the origins of ovarian cancer or the kick-start by which it develops. But there are known risk factors. Women with a parent or sibling who has settled ovarian cancer are at an amplified risk of developing it themselves (5% versus 1.4% for the general population, per Ovarian Cancer National Coalition).

As women get older, their danger also rises since the more menstrual cycles a woman has, the more likely she is to grow ovarian cancer, research shows. Ovarian cancer rates are at peak in women between the ages of 55 and 64.

Signs And Symptoms Of Early-stage Ovarian Cancer Are Hard To Catch

"Ovarian cancer used to be named the 'silent killer' because signs in an early stage are often vague, and go overlooked," says June Y. Hou, MD, an assistant clinical professor of gynecologic oncology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. "Most ovarian cancer is identified at a later stage when indicators are much more severe."

A Pap Smear Can't Detect Ovarian Cancer

Pap tests can be helpful when it comes to the finding of cervical abnormalities and irregularities in cells that could develop into cervical cancer, but they're no use when it comes to ovarian cancer. Throughout a pelvic exam, your doctor might notice that your ovaries are inflamed, but the MD won't unavoidably be able to detect early-stage ovarian growths.

Transvaginal Ultrasounds Can Find Masses That Could Be Ovarian Cancer

In a 2014 article in the International Journal of Women's Health, scientists observed that ultrasounds can correctly detect changes in the extent and shape of ovaries. That said, the article also exposed ultrasounds are undependable when it comes to decisive whether a tumor is malignant or benign. Still, "though transvaginal ultrasounds known confines as a screening technique for ovarian cancer, remain an essential part of all screening trials."

Ovarian Cancer Has Four Stages

In Stage I ovarian cancer, the sickness remains within the ovaries and fallopian tube and has yet to spread out to other organs and tissues. In Stage II, cancer has spread to further pelvic organs, such as the uterus, the bladder, and the colon. Stage III ovarian cancer has gone outside the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen, the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen, or both. In Stage IV, cancer has spread to the spleen or liver, to further lymph nodes, and to other muscles outside the peritoneal cavity.

Removing Your Fallopian Tubes Can Also Decrease Your Risk

The fallopian tubes are vital for child-bearing-they carry the egg or embryo from the ovary to uterus. But they don't yield hormones like the ovaries. So, if a woman is not interested in having a child or more, the fallopian tubes can be detached to reduce cancer risk, without causing menopause.

Most Patients With Ovarian Cancer Are Treated Initially With Surgery

Surgical procedure is usually the first step in treating and stand most ovarian cancers, per the American Cancer Society. In a 2010 article in Reviews in Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers observed that "a single greatest surgical debunking effort"-that is, the elimination of as much of a tumor as likely to complement radiation and chemotherapy treatment, conditional on a cancer's stage can make a "clinically significant difference" for newly-diagnosed victims.

Infertility Is Associated With Increased Risk Of Ovarian Cancer

A 2004 study involving more than 12,000 female patients assessed for infertility between 1965 and 1988 found that they had a sophisticated risk for ovarian cancer than other women did; subjects with endometriosis and principal infertility had the utmost risk. The researchers could regulate the basis of the association, but they noted that extra findings about endometriosis could lean-to light on how ovarian cancer grows.

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