Science

NASA Chandra X-ray Captures Multiple Black Holes

By Donna Marie Lapena Padua , Jan 06, 2017 10:50 AM EST

The NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory delved into a deeper view of the cosmos as the agency's flagship telescope captured multiple black holes that might help astronomers understand their growth. The captured image reportedly shows countless ancient black holes where some are even dated back to the birth of the universe.

The Chandra X-ray Observatory has been commanded to stare at a portion of the sky for seven million seconds or a total of 80 days. The Chandra has then captured enough weak X-ray photons that are traveling for over billion of light years distance for the telescope to capture the most distant objects in the skies. The image then revealed Chandra's discovery of a galaxy full of black holes.

According to SPACE, astronomers are hoping to find as much as 5,000 objects capable of emitting X-rays which reportedly can be found in a region of the sky with a size almost as big as the full moon. The experts are speculating a billion of such objects present in the entire sky.

A kind of powerful X-ray emission is represented by the dots from the image captured by NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory. Seventy percent of the said dots are believed to be active black holes which are ranging from 100,000 billion times larger than the mass of the sun of this solar system. This important detail is deemed by researchers vital in their study of finding out how these objects grow to that size very rapidly. Astronomers then aligned the X-ray view with the Hubble observation and they were then able to confirm that the massive black hole emissions were generated in the cores of the galaxies.

According to a report published by the NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory, these black holes are about 12.5 billion light-years distant from Earth. Also, through them, the study of the evolution and growth of black holes can now be easier. "By detecting X-rays from such distant galaxies, we're learning more about the formation and evolution of stellar-mass and supermassive black holes in the early Universe," said Fabio Vito, a team member of the research, as noted by the same report.

By measuring the distance between the dots captured by the Chandra, astronomers can already know how old the black holes that each represents are. Researchers presented the findings of the NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory at the 229th meeting at the American Astronomical Society in Grapevine, Texas on Jan. 5.

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