El Niño And Climate Change Blamed For Zika Virus Outbreak
Climate outlines caused by El Nino could have amplified reproduction rates in the mosquito types that carry the Zika virus and allowed those mosquitoes to live longer, scientists found. The weather phenomenon might have aided the uncontrolled spread of Zika Virus throughout South America.
"Temperature conditions were exceptionally conducive for mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus over South America in 2015, related to the El Nino phenomenon superimposed on the global warming trend," said lead author Cyril Caminade. He's a research associate with the University of Liverpool Institute of Infection and Global Health in England.
Zika can cause overwhelming birth defects in babies visible to the virus in the womb. One of these birth imperfections, microcephaly, can cause babies to be born with a smaller-than-normal head or skull and with the size, an underdeveloped brain emerges. Zika contaminations can also cause neurological problems, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome, in adults.
More Than 80,000 People In 69 Countries Have Been Infected Zika Outbreak that Originated In Brazil In 2015
For this account, the investigators combined estimates of mosquito populations with temperature-dependent factors acknowledged to influence the chances a mosquito will pass along a tropical disease. For example, warm temperatures can reduce the time it takes for a virus to settled. The researchers determined that the 2015 El Nino, together with climate warming, likely supported the Zika outbreak in Latin America.
El Nino's influence continues to be felt through the current winter weather, but Caminade expects its influence on Zika to be done for now. "The situation in South America for the next mosquito season, from December to March, should be better as the population has already been exposed to Zika virus in 2015 and natural immunity should kick in," Caminade said.
"There will still be risk of Zika virus transmission over the southeastern United States during summer 2017, Florida and Texas in particular, but this will be largely conditioned by the volume of infected travelers coming back or visiting these states," he said. "The quality of public health services in the U.S. should prevent what we observed in Brazil in 2015."
Dr. Amesh Adalja is a senior associate with the University of Pittsburgh's UPMC Center for Health Security. He said the purported El Nino effect is "not surprising and reinforces the need to account for the intricacies of weather patterns when studying the trajectory and origins of infectious disease outbreaks."
It is well-known that ecological conditions such as conditions can have major impacts on the spread of various transmittable diseases, Adalja continued. "Diseases like Zika, because of their reliance on mosquitoes for transmission, have an added element of environmental dependency derived from how mosquitoes are impacted," he said.
"What really moves these mosquitoes over time has been all the additional breeding sites from the nonbiodegradable aspect of the world," Osterholm said. As he doubts El Niño participation in widespread-outbreak.
GlaxoSmithKline's New Drug Update: HIV Therapy Going Steady On Its 3rd Study Phase
Important enhancement with the success of two major medical studies challenging a new two-drug treatment to control the virus that causes AIDS disease.
Proven Indian Pregnancy Tips: Here Are Scientific Steps On How To Conceive A Baby Boy
Scientifically proven, India's way to conceive a baby boy only. Do you believe in such truth in these claims?
Finally, Nature's Answer To HIV: Bee Venom
With HIV being notorious as a long dreaded disease, is the solution found in nature all along? What's the truth behind claims that a particular bee's venom can put an end to HIV? Find out what health experts have to say
Zika Virus: CDC Warns Spring Travellers
We have not heard about Zika virus news lately but it does not mean it is totally gone. In fact the number of people infected might increase during the spring season. Experts suggests that people should be cautious about it.
New Zika Vaccine Could Protect With A Single Dose
A new Zika vaccine is showing potential to protect against the virus with one dose. A research team led by scientists from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania reported this week that preclinical test shows promising immune responses to both mice and monkeys. They have observed speedy effectiveness of the vaccine.
Find Out Why Connecticut’s Protein Sciences Corp Is Making Its Waves On Zika Vaccine, Can They Finally Hold The Answer To The Problem?
Considering the continuous quest of scientists in looking for the right amount of solution to the long dreaded Zika virus, can Connecticut’s Protein Sciences Corp finally hold the key in putting a stop to the problem? Find out what health experts have to say
MORE IN ITECHPOST
Boost Your Email Marketing Productivity with these Integrations for Mailchimp, ActiveCampaign and Campaign Monitor
Email marketing is a cornerstone of modern marketing strategies. But how can you best connect this cornerstone to the rest of the foundation to make it more effective? Most modern businesses are using any number of platforms and apps to cover their business needs. CRM systems, e-commerce, graphic design, team collaboration, accounting, data analytics - where does email marketing fit in? Most email marketing platforms offer some analytics features, some even include CRM tools. But crucially, they also allow for integrations to interconnect the technological foundation of your business in one swoop. And boost email marketing productivity in the process. This article takes a look at some of the best among the hundreds of integrations for Mailchimp, as well as for Mailchimp alternatives ActiveCampaign and Campaign Monitor. With these, businesses can streamline workflows, harness cross-platform data, and build better email marketing campaigns faster.
SpaceX, NASA's Historic Astronaut Launch in the US Threatened by Disruptive Weather Delay
SpaceX, NASA prepares to send the first Astronaut-manned launch into space from the US in nearly 10 years. Will the weather cooperate with their launch this Wednesday?
[Guide] Pokemon Go 9 Sinnoh Tasks to Complete at Throwback Challenge To Get Creselia
Pokémon GO trainers are heading into Sinnoh's Generation IV also known as snowy cold land for some special treats during the final week of Throwback challenges, from May 21-29, 2020.