Superconductor Evolution (IMAGE)

AI and High-Performance Computing Extend Evolution to Superconductors

Materials by design: Argonne researchers use genetic algorithms for better superconductors. Owners of thoroughbred stallions carefully breed prizewinning horses over generations to eke out fractions of a second in million-dollar races. Materials scientists have taken a page from that playbook, turning to the power of evolution and artificial selection to develop superconductors that can transmit electric current as efficiently as possible.

by Staff Reporter

Inserting Vials into the 3D-Fuge (IMAGE)

Ancient Toy Inspires Tool for State-of-the-Art Science

A 5,000-year-old toy still enjoyed by kids today has inspired an inexpensive, hand-powered scientific tool that could not only impact how field biologists conduct their research but also allow high-school students and others with limited resources to realize their own state-of-the-art experiments.

by Staff Reporter

Surgical Implant with Nanoparticles (IMAGE)

Light and Nanotechnology Combined to Prevent Biofilms on Medical Implants

Invented approximately 50 years ago, surgical medical meshes have become key elements in the recovery procedures of damaged-tissue surgeries, the most frequent being hernia repair. When implanted within the tissue of the patient, the flexible and conformable design of these meshes helps hold muscles tight and allows patients to recover much faster than through the conventional sowing and stitching surgery.

by Staff Reporter

Loading Enzyme (1 of 2) (IMAGE)

Tip Sheet: Recent Research on How DNA is Read and Copied

Two scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have unraveled aspects of how DNA organizes and preserves genetic information. Newly published research by Cynthia Wolberger, Ph.D., and James Berger, Ph.D., whose labs sit side by side, takes a closer look at how the puzzle pieces of DNA machinery fit together.

by Staff Reporter


Artificial Intelligence Becomes Life-long Learner with New Framework

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. (May 20, 2019) - A project of the U.S. Army has developed a new framework for deep neural networks that allow artificial intelligence systems to better learn new tasks while forgetting less of what they have learned regarding previous tasks.

by Staff Reporter

Development of a Displacement Sensor to Measure Gravity of Smallest Source Mass Ever (IMAGE)

Development of a Displacement Sensor to Measure Gravity of Smallest Source Mass Ever

One of the most unknown phenomena in modern physics is gravity. Its measurement and laws remain somewhat of an enigma. Researchers at Tohoku University have revealed important information about a new aspect of the nature of gravity by probing the smallest mass-scale.

by Staff Reporter

H2BHT Illustration (IMAGE)

Bio-inspired Material Targets Oceans' Uranium Stores for Sustainable Nuclear Energy

Scientists have demonstrated a new bio-inspired material for an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach to recovering uranium from seawater.

by Staff Reporter

Researcher Christine Shulse (IMAGE)

Breakthrough Technique for Studying Gene Expression Takes Root in Plants

An open-source RNA analysis platform has been successfully used on plant cells for the first time - a breakthrough that could herald a new era of fundamental research and bolster efforts to engineer more efficient food and biofuel crop plants.

by Staff Reporter

Starfish on the Ocean Floor (IMAGE)

Study Explores the use of Robots and Artificial Intelligence to Understand the Deep-Sea

Artificial intelligence (AI) could help scientists shed new light on the variety of species living on the ocean floor, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic of Proposed Climbing Robot (IMAGE)

Inspired by a Soft Body of a Leech -- a Wall-Climbing Robot

A research team of Dr. Tomoaki Mashimo, Associate Prof. of Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Toyohashi University of Technology, and Dr. Fumiya Iida, a reader in robotics of the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge, has successfully developed a leech-shaped robot, "LEeCH", which can climb a vertical wall.

by Staff Reporter

Readability Index Applied to Kaunas (Lithuania) Old Town Images (IMAGE)

Lithuanian scientists are developing software for predicting urban areas' safety

Team of architects, urbanists and IT specialists from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania, are developing a user-friendly software, which will allow to determine readability of urban areas. The readability index comprising of several factors, can be used for determining area safety, for monitoring and modifying usage of city districts, for providing factual information on the qualities of urban spaces.

by Staff Reporter


New Material also Reveals New Quasiparticles

Researchers at PSI have investigated a novel crystalline material that exhibits electronic properties that have never been seen before. It is a crystal of aluminum and platinum atoms arranged in a special way. In the symmetrically repeating unit cells of this crystal, individual atoms were offset from each other in such a way that they - as connected in the mind's eye - followed the shape of a spiral staircase.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic Image of Rapid Heating System with the CHT (IMAGE)

Rapid Heating Equipment for Semiconductor Devices Using Innovative Wireless Lamp

Researchers from Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology (TUAT), ORC Manufacturing Co. Ltd. and Techno Research., Ltd achieved high-quality crystallization of amorphous silicon film by developing rapid heating technology with the microwave induced wireless heating lamp.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic of the Experimental Infrared Photodiode (IMAGE)

Experimental Device Generates Electricity from the Coldness of the Universe

WASHINGTON, D.C., May 6, 2019 -- The obvious drawback of solar panels is that they require sunlight to generate electricity. Some have observed that for a device on Earth facing space, which has a frigid temperature, the chilling outflow of energy from the device can be harvested using the same kind of optoelectronic physics we have used to harness solar energy.

by Staff Reporter

Baseline Labelling of Microglia by Intravenous Injection of CDr20 in Aged Mouse Brains (IMAGE)

New Chemical Probe for Visualizing Brain Immune Cells

Researchers in South Korea and Singapore have, for the first time, developed a chemical probe that enables live-imaging of a type of immune cells in the brain, known as microglia, in a live animal brain.

by Staff Reporter

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