Mark Jacobson and Mark Delucchi proposed a renewable energy storage system in order to meet electric demands in the United States. The paradigm also indicated how the country could shift from fossil fuel to 100 percent utilization of renewable energy sources.
The United States could transition to renewable energy completely by using underground power storage. This is a study proposed by the Stanford University of California in Berkeley headed by environmental and civil engineering professors Mark Delucchi and Mark Jacobson. These university professors have studied state-by-state on the possibilities of the U.S. to shift to renewable energy sources from fossil fuel usage.
Published by the National Academy of Sciences, the research shows how the country can transition to an affordable and reliable system powered by renewables. It also shows possibilities of its migration in combination with demand response and inexpensive storage systems. To be more precise, the study proposes a system that depends on the capability to retrieve and store electricity, heat and cold in order to meet the demand and supply of energy.
According to Jacobson, utilities that are not in favor of renewable energy have always debated that the country's power lines are unstable, and that it will be expensive to have a reliable and stable renewable energy power grid. The skeptic society has never studied a 100 percent system that uses clean and renewable energy. Particularly, this new paradigm in combination with hydrogen cells and battery storage systems could be reliable in terms of energy supply and demand with low expenditures at the same time.
With all things considered, Delucchi and Jacobson's plan has tremendous benefits. It eliminates air pollution, eradicates emissions that cause global warming, stabilizes fuel expenses, creates job opportunities in the U.S., reduce reliance on fuel trades internationally and lessen power interruption risks with proper energy distribution.
With energy storage systems, power would be local. The need to transport oil from tankers across oceans will be less. The usage of trains to transport coal would also be reduced. Thus, with less transports reduces fuel emissions.