WHO Lists 12 Bacteria for Which Antibiotics No Longer Work
The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a catalogue of 12 priority pathogens which have been very resistant to antibiotics. The objective behind listing the bacteria is to help scientists identify the pathogens and as well as develop newer effective antibiotics. WHO came up with the initiative to arrest the spread of pathogens that pose the greatest threat to public health.
WHO scientists collaborated with other scientists from the Division of Infectious Diseases of the University of Tubingen in Germany. To this end, G20 health experts will convene later this week in Berlin, Germany to discuss the growing threat of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the need for more effective, newer drugs. The Federal Minister of Health for Germany, Hermann Grohe, will be in attendance, WHO announced in a press release.
Criteria used for selecting the list of 12 antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A combination of criteria was used by an international team of health experts to select the 12 most antibiotic-resistant bacteria threatening public health. Some of the criteria used include how deadly the infections the bacteria cause are; the need for hospitalization and the duration of stay; the possibility of communal infection and level of patients response to treatment; the ease of transmission between animals and persons; the possibility of prevention via vaccination and personal hygiene; available treatment options that are really effective; and whether new antibiotics for treating combating these bacteria are currently in the works.
Professor Evelina Tacconelli, Head of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Tubingen underscored the need for new antibiotics against the identified pathogens and hailed WHO for cataloguing the 12 bacteria. She added urgent research and development are needed to develop new and effective drugs against the emerging health threats. She said pharmaceutical companies and research institutions alone must not be left to investigate these bacteria, but a collaborative effort between all stakeholders in the health sector, CNN reported.
Three classifications of the 12 antibiotic-resistant bacteria
WHO divided the list for these 12 antibiotic-resistant pathogens into three categories - critical, high and medium priorities for new antibiotics. The critical priority group lists bacteria such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa - these three are resistant to the powerful antibiotic carbapenem. The high priority group lists bacteria such as Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Helicobacter pylori, Campylobacter spp., Salmonellae, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae - these are resistant to strong antibiotics such as vancomycin, clarithromycin, fluoroquinolone and cephalosporin. The medium priority group lists bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Shigella spp., - these are resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, and fluoroquinolone among others.
What Is Listeria Monocytogenes: 30 Tons of Cheese Product Recalled Over Contamination Fears
What is listeria monocytogenes? Food Safety News has announced the recall of about 30 tons of salad bowls produced and marketed by Ready Pac Foods Inc. over fears that its cheese could be exposed to listeria monocytogenes. Sargento Foods equally ended its relationship with a cheese supplier over fears of listeria contamination before recalling its products. The food market in the US is now rife with food recalls over fears of listeria contamination, or salmonella contamination at times.
Androgen Replacement Therapy: Testosterone Has Its Benefits for Older Men
Androgen replacement therapy is the new focus for scientists from the Kaiser Permanente; and they published a finding in the JAMA Internal Medicine detailing the benefits of androgen replacement therapy and how it could raise the risks of cardiovascular events. The researchers found that testosterone replacement therapy works to boost male sexual drive in the short term, but increases risks of heart problems in the long term. About 44,335 male patients who had been diagnosed with androgen deficiency took part in the study.
Zika Virus Cambodia: Zika Virus May Cause Miscarriage, Brain Damage in Babies
Zika virus Cambodia has prompted researchers from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health to conduct a study which revealed that Zika virus is able to induce miscarriage in infected mothers and cause brain damage in infected babies. They found that the virus penetrates the placenta to infect the fetus in the womb. The researchers carried out their experiments in lab mice and equate the results to what could happen to humans.
Pollution Kills 1.7 Million Kids Every Year
The WHO reports that pollution is the main cause of death of 1.7 million kids each year. The report stresses the damages of toxic environments, and recommends some measure to help reduce children's mortality rate.
Hepatitis E in Australia Puts Passengers Of Cruise Ship At Risk
Two cruises of Golden Princess have put passengers at risk for Hepatitis E in Australia. The health notification came after a crew menber was diagnosed with the rare form of liver infection.
MORE IN ITECHPOST
Fitness Expert, Jolene Cherry, Explains How to Build Good Fitness Habits Using Tech
Cherry explores several different technology gizmos and gadgets to keep in mind when the initial burst of fitness motivation runs dry.
How Do Personal Emergency Response Systems Work?
Personal emergency response systems, known as PERS for short, are systems that help people to raise the alarm and get immediate help when a medical or personal emergency occurs. They are ideal for older people and anyone with a mobility issue or an injury or illness that can cause falls.
Eight Must-Have Tools to Keep Your Car Out of Garage
We all dread taking our car to a garage for repairs. We might just want to avoid the inconvenience of being off the road or maybe the costs associated, which can even lead to knock-on effects on things like our holiday plans.
6 Hacks for Students to Choose a Laptop While on a Budget
The modern world tries to drown us in the sea of choices. One can’t simply buy a laptop - there are hundreds of laptops around and sometimes our budget becomes the only real limitation we can rely on. But how to choose other parameters to get the best laptop possible?