There are over 100 harmful gasses emitted by billions of Lithium-Ion batteries scattered all over the world. These lithium-ion chargeable batteries are releasing these chemicals and gasses and its users are unknowingly exposed to them.
Everyday devices that use Lithium-Ion batteries include cellphones and tablets. One of the dangerous gasses emitted by these chargeable devices is Carbon Monoxide, a poisonous gas that causes severe skin and respiratory system irritation and lethal poisoning when exposed to large doses.
An article from Science Daily quotes that it is important that the public be made aware of the hazards of having one of these Lithium-Ion batteries around the homes and offices so they can prepare precautionary measures to protect an individual's health and well-being, according to Dr. Jie Sun, lead author and professor at the Institute of NBC Defense.
Lately, reports from all over the world of exploding smartphones led to the recall of such gadgets. Dell Computers recalled about four million laptops in 2006 and recently, Samsung Galaxy Note 7 withdrew millions out from the shelves due to battery fires, explosions and underperformance
Fully charged Lithium-Ion batteries could summarily release a more concentrated form of toxic gas compared to those with fifty percent recharged battery. These identified emitted harmful gasses give the scientists a better perspective of how and why it is emitted by these Lithium-Ion batteries. This data is then analyzed taking into context on how to approach of making better Lithium-Ion batteries and improve its safety factors.
However, there are now alternatives in the fabrication of these lithium-ion chargeable batteries. The hazardous chargeable devices were found to contain electrolytes with toxic halogens. Through data analysis and research, the electrolytes with toxic halogens could be replaced with halogen-free electrolytes that are environment-friendly.
The findings of their research and study were satisfactory that they can now make safer Lithium-Ion batteries without compromising efficiency and performance, said lead author Puru Jena, Ph.D., distinguished professor in the Department of Physics of the College of Humanities and Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University.