The innovated properties of the Nona Poric fabric prevents the heat from escaping from the user's body. The body temperature of people who wear this new clothing material is kept at a low comfort level.
This is due to the breathable characteristics of the textile materials that was recently invented. An article from Science News for students states ways for clothes to warm the body. One is, for the clothing to trap the heat that is emitted. After the trapped air between the clothing and the body is warmed, it is then prevented from escaping. The warming initiated by the clothing commences. This process is called convection.
Another way of blocking heat from the fabric is by radiation. This happens when heat reaches an object; it would deflect or go around the object. In the case of the new clothing material, it deflects the heat and prevents it from penetrating the clothing, says Yi Cui, a material scientist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.
The new clothing material has a different molecular structure compared to ordinary fabric commonly used. Its structure, when microscopically viewed up close look like lumped bubbles. These interconnected bubbles allow the passage of air making the new clothing material cooler on warm days. The sizes of these bubbles would range from 500 to 1000 nanometers across or up to 39 millionth of an inch. Since wavelengths of infrareds are from 400 to 700 nanometers, it will be blocked by the Nano pores and will just radiate around the bubbles. Because of this, warming up will be prevented.
There is considerable change in temperature when used by a consumer. A cotton shirt would increase body temperature from 3.5 degrees C or (6.3 degrees F) from where he wore no shirt. Using the new clothing material, the increase is only a meager 0.8 degrees C (1.4 degrees F).
These calculations would affect the computations of how we cool ourselves with air conditioners when these new clothing material would be available. It will be added to the long list of smart dressing categories of our future. Still other innovators are conspiring for added value of this innovation.