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Tip Sheet: Recent Research on How DNA is Read and Copied

Two scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have unraveled aspects of how DNA organizes and preserves genetic information. Newly published research by Cynthia Wolberger, Ph.D., and James Berger, Ph.D., whose labs sit side by side, takes a closer look at how the puzzle pieces of DNA machinery fit together.

by Staff Reporter

AI

Artificial Intelligence Becomes Life-long Learner with New Framework

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. (May 20, 2019) - A project of the U.S. Army has developed a new framework for deep neural networks that allow artificial intelligence systems to better learn new tasks while forgetting less of what they have learned regarding previous tasks.

by Staff Reporter

Development of a Displacement Sensor to Measure Gravity of Smallest Source Mass Ever (IMAGE)

Development of a Displacement Sensor to Measure Gravity of Smallest Source Mass Ever

One of the most unknown phenomena in modern physics is gravity. Its measurement and laws remain somewhat of an enigma. Researchers at Tohoku University have revealed important information about a new aspect of the nature of gravity by probing the smallest mass-scale.

by Staff Reporter

H2BHT Illustration (IMAGE)

Bio-inspired Material Targets Oceans' Uranium Stores for Sustainable Nuclear Energy

Scientists have demonstrated a new bio-inspired material for an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach to recovering uranium from seawater.

by Staff Reporter

Researcher Christine Shulse (IMAGE)

Breakthrough Technique for Studying Gene Expression Takes Root in Plants

An open-source RNA analysis platform has been successfully used on plant cells for the first time - a breakthrough that could herald a new era of fundamental research and bolster efforts to engineer more efficient food and biofuel crop plants.

by Staff Reporter

Starfish on the Ocean Floor (IMAGE)

Study Explores the use of Robots and Artificial Intelligence to Understand the Deep-Sea

Artificial intelligence (AI) could help scientists shed new light on the variety of species living on the ocean floor, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic of Proposed Climbing Robot (IMAGE)

Inspired by a Soft Body of a Leech -- a Wall-Climbing Robot

A research team of Dr. Tomoaki Mashimo, Associate Prof. of Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Toyohashi University of Technology, and Dr. Fumiya Iida, a reader in robotics of the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge, has successfully developed a leech-shaped robot, "LEeCH", which can climb a vertical wall.

by Staff Reporter

Readability Index Applied to Kaunas (Lithuania) Old Town Images (IMAGE)

Lithuanian scientists are developing software for predicting urban areas' safety

Team of architects, urbanists and IT specialists from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania, are developing a user-friendly software, which will allow to determine readability of urban areas. The readability index comprising of several factors, can be used for determining area safety, for monitoring and modifying usage of city districts, for providing factual information on the qualities of urban spaces.

by Staff Reporter

SLS (IMAGE)

New Material also Reveals New Quasiparticles

Researchers at PSI have investigated a novel crystalline material that exhibits electronic properties that have never been seen before. It is a crystal of aluminum and platinum atoms arranged in a special way. In the symmetrically repeating unit cells of this crystal, individual atoms were offset from each other in such a way that they - as connected in the mind's eye - followed the shape of a spiral staircase.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic Image of Rapid Heating System with the CHT (IMAGE)

Rapid Heating Equipment for Semiconductor Devices Using Innovative Wireless Lamp

Researchers from Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology (TUAT), ORC Manufacturing Co. Ltd. and Techno Research., Ltd achieved high-quality crystallization of amorphous silicon film by developing rapid heating technology with the microwave induced wireless heating lamp.

by Staff Reporter

Schematic of the Experimental Infrared Photodiode (IMAGE)

Experimental Device Generates Electricity from the Coldness of the Universe

WASHINGTON, D.C., May 6, 2019 -- The obvious drawback of solar panels is that they require sunlight to generate electricity. Some have observed that for a device on Earth facing space, which has a frigid temperature, the chilling outflow of energy from the device can be harvested using the same kind of optoelectronic physics we have used to harness solar energy.

by Staff Reporter

Baseline Labelling of Microglia by Intravenous Injection of CDr20 in Aged Mouse Brains (IMAGE)

New Chemical Probe for Visualizing Brain Immune Cells

Researchers in South Korea and Singapore have, for the first time, developed a chemical probe that enables live-imaging of a type of immune cells in the brain, known as microglia, in a live animal brain.

by Staff Reporter

Organic Solar Cells

Researchers Make Organic Solar Cells Immune to the Ravages of Water, Air and Light

BROOKLYN, New York, Wednesday, May 3, 2019 - The market for organic solar cells is expected to grow more than 20% between 2017 and 2020, driven by advantages over traditional silicon solar cells: they can be mass produced at scale using roll-to-roll processing; the materials comprising them can be easily found in the earth and could be applied to solar cells through green chemistry; they can be semitransparent and therefore less visually intrusive -- meaning they can be mounted on windows or screens and are ideal for mobile devices; they are ultra-flexible and can stretch; and they can be ultra-lightweight.

by Staff Reporter

Converting Waste Heat Into Clean Energy With Thermoelectric Nanomaterials (IMAGE)

Transforming Waste Heat into Clean Energy

Do you feel the warmth coming off your computer or cell phone? That's wasted energy radiating from the device. With automobiles, it is estimated that 60% of fuel efficiency is lost due to waste heat. Is it possible to capture this energy and convert it into electricity?

by Staff Reporter

Eye Degeneration And Brain Lesion After Stroke (IMAGE)

New study reshapes understanding of how the brain recovers from injury

Researchers to incorporate data into new, open access platform for exploration of the human brain

by Staff Reporter

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